Auxiliary Historical Sciences

Diplomatics: the study of documents and registers of official origin, e.g. vital registers, documents (charters, instruments etc.), manorial registers (land registers, account books etc.)

Epigraphy: the study of inscriptions created by engraving, carving, casting, cutting, moulding, burning, drawing (except drawing on paper, papyrus, wax-table, bark). This does not concern objects being a subject to other sciences (Diplomatics, Codicology, Sphragistry, Heraldry, Numismatics)

Genealogy: the study of the history of the members of a family from the past to the present, studing their relationship, historical and biological consequences

Heraldry: the study of origin, using and development of coats of arms

Historical Metrology: the study of the weights and measures, their local and chronological identification and convertibility into the current metric system (except time measures and currency)

Chronology: the study of time measures, used theories and technology

Codicology: the study of manuscripts of unofficial origin, it means of the literal character (period and place of origin, original or changed function)

Numismatics: the study of currency and its function in the society

Paleography: the study of ancient writing (in Europe conceived as Latin writing), its correct reading and interpretation, local and chronological identification, function in the society

Sphragistry: the study of seals on charters and letters, their origin and development